Blog

Final Chapter

The exchange, migration, and evolution of technology, ideas, and people

From the past to present day, time passed, people change and many events happen. If we look back we will see that many things happen and change until today. And if there’s no event happen at that time we wouldn’t have a land in the present day.

When you look at this picture what do you feel? The picture compares the past and present day together.

The New World

It begins in the 14th century to the early 17th century. It’s started when Europeans began to explore the world. Marco Polo makes sea route to Asia on Silk Road until he reached China and traveled the whole of China, he brought back spices and good. After that people wanted more spices and tobacco for China’s good. So that brought Economic Opportunity and Religious Freedom to the European. It took him twenty-four years before he got back home.

 

Related image

Then after that age of exploration began the Europeans began to explore the world and people began to migrate. America, the land of immigration, where everybody moved in from the various country. Everyone on that land was immigrants, except for the indigenous people of the New World, the Native Americans. They think that after they move to the new world they will have a more economic opportunity and wanted to have freedom of the religion. So when people started to move to the new world there are thirteen English colonies that settle in the new world, which is Massachusetts, New York, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. This colonies form together and create a United State.

Columbian exchange

Image result for columbian exchange
They exchange good and foods to there own land.

Durning the time that thirteen colonies settle in the new world the Columbian exchange begins. They exchange animals, plants, human population, culture, technology, communicable disease, To honest, the New World happened to be much a healthier place than the Old World before because it has a fewer disease that makes populations of Europe, Africa, and Asia get it. So in that time, they exchange things that their land doesn’t have. At also at the same times, the Slave from Africa was captured and taken away, and get shipped to America and was called as traded to Africa. If I’m the slave I would feel like it’s unfair, you are a people who born in the same earth but need to be a “thing” for people to buy and transport you to the other. 

Indian Fever

First, when the Europeans first came to the New World, they brought a germ and killed lots of people. It’s also killed the Indians who didn’t even see the white people because the Indians take the germ and so the other Indian got the disease and these called the “Indian fever.” If you’re some person in that time and you know that the Europeans will bring the disease in and kill many people I wouldn’t let them in and go back to there own country and heal first. And look in the present day this won’t happen because we all have a good education, so people will know how to prevent this disease to keep people safe.

Jamestown

James Town is joint venture called the Virginia Company founded the first permanent English settlement in North America on the banks of the James River. In the periods of peace, tobacco became Virginia’s first profitable export. After that Jamestown expanded from the area around the original James Fort into a New Town built to the east and remained the Virginia colony as the capital until 1699. 

Image result for jamestown
This is Jamestown when they come back and saw nobody in the land.

The colonies faced many hardships the First Newport went back to England with two ships and 40 crew members to give a report to the king and to take more supplies and colonists. They also face a bad problem, the weather is getting too hot so the land is too dry so it affects crop to grow slow and start to starve little by little. Also, there is no fresh water for them to drink. And the swampy areas have a lot of mosquitoes, contributed to the spread of deadly diseases. After 8 months only 34 from the first 104 people alive. And also the Susan Constant, Godspeed, and Discovery, carrying 105 passengers, one of whom died during the voyage, departed from England in December 1606 and reached the Virginia coast in late April 1607.

The Different Between the natives and colonists

The Native Americans or (Indigenous people) and the colonists were Cultural dissonance. The Native believed that the land was shared by everyone and not one person could own it as the colonists did. Also, the Native American had an animistic religion, they which animals had godlike qualities but colonists were mostly Christian and monotheistic. African slaves were separated very far from Africa, so they forgot their cultures and faced cultural genocide. I see a lot different thing about the native and colonist, the colonist thinks that they are the biggest and can control a land like the way they wanted to but for me, it’s not ok if they think they are biggest and can control the land how they wanted to, because they might don’t know what to do. But in the present day, we already get rid of this problem people vote for the one who will take care of the country and try very best to improve the country.

Slave Trade

Image result for slave trade

Britain became the world’s leading slave trading power in the middle passage. It’s estimated that British ships were responsible for the forced transportation of at least 2-3 million Africans in that century. The starting of the slave trade is when the Portuguese first sailed down the Atlantic African coast in the 1430s, they were interested in one thing “gold”. And in 1500, they had already traded 81,000 Africans to Europe, nearby Atlantic islands, and to Muslim merchants in Africa. 

There is two type of slave the first one is the field slaves and second are house slaves. The one that is house slave is not too tired because their take care of the owner of the house but the field slaves needs to work from sunrise to sunset and have only fifty-minute break per day. And maybe there are Reservations of slaves who you want them to work with. To me, if I were a slave I’ll choose to be a house slave rather than the farm slave because house slave only takes care of the owner of the house and cook and clean the house for them but the farm slave works a lot harder than because they need to farm. But if in the present day the slave right now may focus on the maid or the work that work in our house. 

Not long after the European had settled in the New World. The United States took in roughly 24 million immigrants. This increase in immigration to historical changes.Related image (Native culture, religion, custom, weapons everything about them started to change.) The weapons that they use to hunt animal changes from wood to a rifle or gun. When the new weapons were invented it makes the wars stronger and more powerful. And also there is the native speaker who doesn’t speak English, but the Christian joined the colonies so they teach them how to speak English and the native languages were forgotten at the end. In my opinion, this isn’t a good thing to happen in the country because they may destroy the culture of your own country and everyone gonna forgets what happened before, and if you have a kid don’t you want them to see what culture did you grow up with and follow the same culture as you. 

In this day they may still have the country that trade slave it’s was very illegal right now is they got caught it’s would be a serious problem because right now everyone is equal now one is lower than the other we respect each other.

Evolution Idea

Image result for slave trade

When the African or the slave notice that slavery is wrong and not fair for them because they can’t do what they want and the white sell them like thing in the market and hurt them like they are not a human so this started the civil war. This war were made to redress the inequities of slavery and its political, social, and economic legacy and to solve the problems arising from the readmission to the Union of the 11 states that had seceded at or before the outbreak of war. So slavery starts to fight for they own freedom. Then there’s a man William Lloyd Garrison he is the one who believes in the equality of the races and the ability of free African Americans to fit into white society help and fight together with the slavery so at last they win and have their own freedom. In the present day, the black people are equal to the white they have their own opportunity to choose what they wanted to do and some black people now have a better job and better education and become richer than the white as well.

Past

  • can’t sit in front of the bus
  • can’t go to the same school as the white kid
  • The restaurant needs to separate zone
  • Can’t be friends with the white people
  • Can’t marry the white family

Present

In the present, these rules are all gone we don’t can’t anymore every people are equal and they can live together and be friends, happy life.

The Rise of Technology

Related image

Can you imagine if they were no factory in the past? There pro and cons about Industrialization revolution. Industrialization leads Urbanization to the economic growth and job opportunity to the worker and to the country. Industrialization began in the 1700s when factory start to build and people started to move into town and create a big city, Urban growth also increase more populations many babies were born in the town, lesser people who die. The worker started to learn how to use the machine, but don’t you guys know that factory uses a lot of natural resources so that created pollution, global warming. In the present day, there are a lot of factories so that make country can trade or sell the thing to the other country and improve the economic growth of the country.

Imperialism

First, the powerful countries began the Age of Imperialism. Powerful countries became greedy for power, so they began to do everything to gain more power, they takeaways thing from the weaker country oil or forest product. They take over the country by using soldier or money. The Europeans’ imperialism mission was known as the “White Man’s Burden.” The nation didn’t only expand for wealth, They expanded religion by sending missionaries to the Christianize during the Scramble for Africa, they do this because to gain a lot more profit and the economy will be better. The imperialism occurred most heavily in Africa, Latin America, SE Asia, and Pacific Islands. 

Negative and Positive Effect

  • Positive: Building, hospital, and school were built. Education and prosperity were up.
  • Negative: They were put to work as cheap labor. They had no freedom, had to do what the mother country said.

My opinion with the imperialism because they can help some of the countries that the economy wasn’t very good so that after they take over they will build school and hospital so that they would have a better life. But I also understand the feeling of the weaker country because the cultures that they have been doing for a very long time would fade away because when the missionaries Christianized.

WWI (World War 1)

World war 1 was known as First World War and or the Great War and the War to End All Wars it’s lasting from 1914-1919. The war was fought by the Allies on one side, they and the Central Powers on the other. Most of the battles were in Europe, and the war involved trench warfare and chemical warfare. This also makes more than 9 million people died on the battlefield. At that time period, many countries grew stronger and start militarization and create better equipment to fight for there land, like Submarines, Tanks, Planes, Blimps, Machine guns and Gas masks. These weapons help them win the wars and save there own land. But WWI isn’t a good thing we born as human we should know how to share and love each other like a quote “sharing is caring” mean that if you share thing with other you will know how to love other people and take care them.

 

 Conclusion

As you see many events happen in the past and it’s changed our world until now. And we see many things that improve our world, so if there’s no event that happens our world our world wouldn’t be this awesome. No Past, No Present and we aren’t going to know what happens next. At last, the thing that we use in every day also updates to the newest version. Example “Phone, Washing machine, Computer, Radio and thing to transport.” I wanted to know that how will people update the tenology and make it’s even cooler and amazing. 

Past and Present Day

Image result for old carRelated imageImage result for washing machine in the past

Image result for carImage result for phoneImage result for washing machine

 

Save the Food & I’ll come back

WORLD WAR ONE (WWI)

World war 1 was known as First World War and or the Great War and the War to End All Wars it’s lasting from 1914-1919. The war was fought by the Allies on one side, they and the Central Powers on the other.  Most of the battles were in Europe, and the war involved trench warfare and chemical warfare. This also makes more than 9 million people died on the battlefield. 

Related image

What do the solider need to face in the WWI?

  • Image result for wwi diseasesDisease ( Influenza, Typhoid, Trench foot, Trench fever, Malaria)
  • Lack of food
  • Sleep in a wet place (Rain/Mud)
  • Rat
  • Shoes and Cloth is not warm enough

How do World War I started?

Image result for Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his pregnant wife

World War I have a lot of causes that can start the War, but the very main reason was the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his pregnant wife Sophie. Archduke Franz, he was a nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and was heir to the throne of Austria and Hungary. The assassination was planned by a Serbian terrorist group called The Black Hand.

During the conflict, the center power fought against the allied power. Germany declared war on Russia and secretly allied with the Ottoman Empire. Germany declared war on France, and Belgium rejected Germany’s request for access to cross through their territory to the Belgium-France border. And because of all new technology, they create a lot of new weapon like Poison gas, Tank, Gun and etc. This makes the war stronger and a lot make more people die in the war. 

During the War

Image result for u-boats

At that time period, many countries grew stronger and start militarization and create better equipment to fight for there land, one of that is U-boats and using chemicals and creating the chemical warfare and there an effect of the war are “trench foot, trench rat, and shell shock and lack of supplies.” Most of the countries used propaganda to encourage people to join the war. Nationalism ideas can be found in some of the propaganda. The won’t know that the food rationing would be reduced over time in World War I and there would be a moment when they had to eat trench rats. These are serious problems during the war and also causes people to suffer and died. And what do the war effect? what I find in the information they say “WWI have many effects around the world. One noticeable effect would be imperialism where powerful countries would colonize weaker nations for benefits. Another country would promote their own country using propaganda. They use propaganda to promote the war and giving misleading facts about the enemies.” The propaganda that they use is known as Raping of Belgium where Germany invades Belgium and caused many problems. The Raping of Belgium began when Germany decided to ignore Belgium’s rejection and invade Belgium. Germany invasion of Belgium brought the United Kingdom into war because of Belgium and the United Kingdom .

I think this may be a good idea to use propaganda to lead people to believe but it’s bad because some information they ma lies to the people and make them believe bu not saying the truth.

Christmas Truce🌲🌧☃️

There’s also a popular event in the war. It was the Christmas truce where both sides meet at the no man’s land and celebrate. It’s started on Christmas Eve, the German and British troops sang Christmas carols to each other across the lines or “no man land” to join the no man land to celebrate Christmas. They climbed out of their trenches and shook hands with the enemy soldiers. The men exchanged presents of cigarettes and plum puddings and sang carols and songs. 

I think this is a very good even, it makes you relax from the war and can rest your mind a bit from the bad thing that you need to face and be happy with your friend. 

End of the WWI

In the end, the allies have the victory because of their manpower and a stronger economy. But after United States joined the Allies in World War I, and Russia left the war and the Allies to deal with the Russian Revolution, after that they try to remain neutral to preserve its isolationism, but they failed. After the fight, Germany was part of the unrestricted submarine warfare when the Germany U-boat torpedoed and sank the Lusitania. One of Germany’s last actions was when Arthur Zimmermann sent the Zimmermann Telegram to Mexico. Then the  United States found out that Zimmermann Telegram knows that Germany had bad intentions with the United States so Nicholas II abandoned him away.

Image result for end of WWI

Then the United state decided to join a World War I and declared war on Germany so after they fight Russia turned into a republic and The United States declared war on Austria-Hungary. Leon Trotsky signed a peace treaty with Germany. And at last Bulgaria signed an armistice with the Allies followed by the Ottoman Empire.

 

My Propaganda Poster

Deforestation.jpg

S__7438340.jpg

Vocabulary 

The Great War – Another term for WWI
The War to End All Wars – Another term for WWI
Alliances – Joining forces to achieve something greater
Allies – The group of countries that join forces to go against the Central Power
Central Power – A group of countries that want to take over Europe
Neutral – The group of countries that don’t participate in the war
Isolationism – Not joining something or keeping neutral
Lusitania – The ship that got sunk by Germany
Zimmerman Telegram – The telegram that tells Mexico to invade the US                Imperialism – A stronger country taking control of a weaker country
Nationalism – A way to promote the country
Propaganda – Providing a misleading information about something
Raping of Belgium – A propaganda that said that Germany messed things in Belgium
Franz Ferdinand – The Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria                                                  U-boats – A type of submarine that dominates the war
Chemical warfare – A type of war that uses chemical
Christmas Truce – An event in the war where both sides have a truce and celebrate Christmas
Shell Shock – A PTSD that the soldiers can get from fighting in the war all the time
Rationing – A controlled way to distribute food evenly
No Man’s Land – A land where no country controls during the war
Trench Foot – A condition where the foot rot from staying in the water too long
Trench Rat – A infestation of rats inside the trenches
Trench Warfare – A type of warfare that utilizes trenches for cover
Militarization – A way that the country prepare for the war                                      Armistice – An agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time
Treaty of Versailles – The Treaty that helps solve the war problems
A rise of Fascism – The rise of radical authoritarian nationalism
United Nation – A council that helps keep the peace between countries

 

Chapter 8

What is Imperialism?

First, the powerful countries began the Age of Imperialism. Powerful countries became greedy for power, so they began to do everything to gain more power, they takeaways thing from the weaker country oil or forest product. They take over the country by using soldier or money.

The Europeans’ imperialism mission was known as the “White Man’s Burden.” The nation didn’t only expand for wealth, They expanded religion by sending missionaries to the Christianize during the Scramble for Africa, they do this because to gain a lot more profit and the economy will be better. The imperialism occurred most heavily in Africa, Latin America, SE Asia, and Pacific Islands. 

Negative and Positive Effect

Positive: Building, hospital, and school were built. Education and prosperity were up.

Negative:  They were put to work as cheap labor.  They had no freedom, had to do what the mother country said.

Scramble for Africa

Before the Scramble for Africa, they fourteen countries met at the Berlin Conference to plan on splitting Africa, so that they can protect their nation and Balance of Power. But The Scramble for Africa lasted from 1881 to 1914. The Europeans did industrialize Africa by a little. The amount of modernization in Africa is incomparable to their loss of culture.The African colonies were the spheres of influence for the Europeans. when they fight the weak nations would be the protectorate, then other nearby countries wouldn’t want to fight because the nation is under the “Sphere of influence” control.

Opinion

In my opinion, I’m okay with the imperialism because they can help some of the countries that the economy wasn’t very good so that after they take over they will build school and hospital so that they would have a better life. But I also understand the feeling of the weaker country because the cultures that they have been doing for a very long time would fade away because when the missionaries Christianized. 

Queen Liliuokalani

Queen Liliuokalani was the last queen of Hawaii, she was the last monarch of the Kamehameha dynasty, which had ruled a sovereign Hawaiian kingdom since 1810, she became a crown princess in 1877.  Hawaii became the 50th US state. The United States industrialized Hawaii and infrastructures such as overseas harbors were built there.

Key Terms
Imperialism = to seek for power and gain more power.
Industrialized = developed for a country.
Christianize = convert to Christianity.
Missionaries = religious people who were sent to a foreign country to do a religious task.
“Spheres of Influence” = a country where a foreign country has the power to affect its development.
Hawaii = The 50th state of the United States that was once an island kingdom.
Colonies = locations that are controlled by a foreign nation.
Indigenous People = native people.
Civilize = make to become more humane.
“White Man’s Burden” = (Book) a poem that was written by Rudyard Kipling in 1899 that favored imperialism for the United States.
“White Man’s Burden” = (Idea) the task that white colonizers believed that it’s their duty to civilize the black people in their colonies.
Queen Liliuokalani = the only queen and the last monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
A balance of Power = equal distribution of power.
New Markets = new topic of marketing
Infrastructure = structures that are essential for a society to operate.
Modernization = the action of making to become modern.
Loss of Culture = the state of forgetting culture.
Panama Canal = the manmade waterway that allowed sea vehicles to travel through the Americas quickly and easily.
Natural Resources = raw materials from the nature that are required for producing goods for humans.
Cheap Labor = labor does not cost much.
Overseas Harbors = ports that are located in a different region that is across the sea.
Protectorate = a state that has foreign control or protection.
Scramble for Africa = the European distribution of Africa for imperialism that prevented wars between European nations.
Corporate Imperialism = a strong nation’s act of taking economic advantages over weaker nations.

Chapter 7

Industrialization and Urbanization of the United States

Can you imagine if they were no factory in the past? There pro and cons about Industrialization revolution. Industrialization leads Urbanization to the economic growth and job opportunity to the worker and to the country. Industrialization began in the 1700s when factory start to build and people started to move into town and create a big city, Urban growth also increase more populations many babies were born in the town, lesser people who die. The worker started to learn how to use the machine, but don’t you guys know that factory uses a lot of natural resources so that created pollution, global warming. Now let go watch some introduction of the video.

As the factory built the worker are getting pay lesser and some are overworking and they are not getting any holiday to rest. But right now the worker is getting pay enough they got pay equally, no dangerous condition for the worker to deal with. People started to come into the city and this makes a lot of money for the city because they have a thing that makes people want to buy, for example, technology is invented the computer, the phone, Internet, the washing machine and air conditioner. Of course, if people see they’re going to buy them, so they get a lot of profit more than $1000 per day. They make our life easier than the pass which I think it’s a good thing.

When they are more people of course car were built, train and subways were also built to transport easily but if there are many people they will create a traffic jam. But some of the countries may build like BTS or subways to help the traffic situation. The building was built, people are getting a lot more job the second classes now have more ability to work in a good place. They don’t need to face a dangerous problem like before. The Industrialization period changes the world people are getting more time to take care of them self, they have a washing machine, so the house has a machine that can clean a plate by themselves. Many events were create in this time, so people usually go hang out with a friend and having fun.

Now the earth is getting hot, oil is all over the water kill a lot of living thing. Because of the factories using a lot of natural resources, make our healthy getting worse, for me, our earth is facing a big problem, right now people can find the ways to solve the problem but fewer people who follow and protect the earth. So if we help each other our earth gonna get well again.

At last for me Industrialization is a good thing we make the working condition better than the pass, economic is getting better, trade with other countries to make more money to our country. People are getting time to rest more and make everything easier for transportation, communicating and stuff. But I don’t want everyone to stuck in this society, we can still make our world east by not using a lot of technology because it’s may cause you to have a lesser friend you played a lot of technology and not going out to have fun with your friend.

More information about Global Warming

Wow!!! Chapter 6

In the American Civil War periods, they attempts were made to redress the inequities of slavery and its political, social, and economic legacy and to solve the problems arising from the readmission to the Union of the 11 states that had seceded at or before the outbreak of war. In the time around1865 and 1867, called period of Presidential Reconstruction, Johnson appointed provisional governors and ordered them to call state conventions to establish new all white governments and Ku Klux Klan(KKK).

Harriet Tubman

At that time there was an abolitionist movement which wanted to end the slavey so most countries now changed to be a free state.Harriet Tubman was a black woman she was the one who find the underground railroad. So some of the slavery try to escape from the slave state to a free state by the underground railroad which Harriet Tubman is the one who found a help the other slaves to escape from the place to place. 

Opinion: For me Harriet Tubman she was a kind heart person she helps many people, she when back to the same place and help other people again and again by knowing that it’s dangerous and she keeps doing it.

 

Abraham Lincoln & William Lloyd Garrison

Abraham Lincoln

In the year that sectional tensions there is an election about antislavery northerner, because of differences between culture, economy, and vision for the future of the United States, that led to 4 years of Civil War between the northern and southern states.

President Lincoln was assassinated at the end of the Civil War, three days after his speech. However, he never had a chance to implement his plan. At the end of May 1865, Andrew Johnson became the next President.

William Lloyd Garrison

Garrison at the outset of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln did not make the abolition of slavery a goal of the Union war effort. Because he feared that it would drive the border slave states still loyal to the Union into the Confederacy and anger more northerners. After that in the summer of 1862, the slaves know that the issue, thousands of the Union lines as Lincoln’s troops marched through the South.

After that their actions debunked the myths underlying Southern devotion, “Many slaves were truly content in bondage.” convinced Lincoln that emancipation had become a political and military necessity then the blacks enlisted in the Union Army by the end of the war. On April change the constitution to let the black have right to vote.

Andrew Johnson

When the Civil War over, the United States needed to rebuild. Many of the southern states were in ruin from the war such as farm, home, and the business was gone. Johnson wanted to do everything he could to help the southern states. He also wanted to be easy on the leaders of the Confederacy. However, many northerners were angry over Lincoln’s assassination. He is the one who helps the black because he thinks that they don’t have an equal right and voting system.

After that Johnson began to veto many of the bills passed by Congress. He vetoed so many bills he became known as “The Veto President”. Congress did not like this and felt that Johnson was abusing his powers. They wanted to get rid of him as president.

Key Terms:
Abolitionist Movement – The movement to end slavery.
Jefferson Davis – An American politician who served as the only President of the Confederate States from year 1861 to 1865.
Confederate War Monuments –  A monument that pays tribute to the soldiers and generals from Texas during the American Civil War.
John Brown – An abolitionist who sought to free the slaves by military force.
Border States – The border states during the Civil War were the slave states that didn’t leave the Union or join the Confederacy.
A War over Perspective – War between northern and southern over the system of slavery.
Frederick Douglas – Frederick Douglass was the most important black American leader of the 19th century.
Emancipation Proclamation – A presidential proclamation and executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln.
Confederacy – An unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
Harriet Tubman – An American abolitionist, an armed scout and spy for the United States Army during the American Civil War.
54th Massachusetts – An infantry regiment that saw extensive service in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Underground Railroad- A network of secret routes and safe houses used by African- American slaves to escape.
Anaconda Plan -The Anaconda Plan was the initial Civil War strategy devised by General Winfield Scott of the U.S.
William Lloyd Garrison- American journalistic crusader who published a newspaper, and helped lead the successful abolitionist campaign against slavery in the United States.
Reconstruction Era –  The period after the American Civil War when the southern states were reorganized into the Union.
Harriet Beecher Stowe – A woman who wrote about the horrors of slavery before the Civil War.
Carpetbaggers –  A person from the northern states who went to the South after the Civil War to profit from the Reconstruction.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin  – A novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe which paints a grim picture of life under the slavery.
Scalawags – Any Southerner who supported the federal plan of Reconstruction after the Civil War or who joined with the black freedman and the carpetbagger.
Abraham Lincoln – An American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861.
Sharecropping – Someone who would farmland that belonged to a landowner.
Sumner-Brooks Incident – It occurred on May 22, 1856 when Representative Preston Brooks attacked Senator Charles Sumner.
Freedmen’s Bureau – An agency of the War Department set up in 1865 to assist freed slaves in obtaining relief, land, jobs, fair treatment, and education.
Secession – The withdrawal of eleven southern states from the Union in 1860, leading to the Civil War.
Ku Klux Klan – A secret hate group in the southern U.S that aimed to suppress the newly acquired rights of black people and to oppose carpetbaggers from the North.
Union – The action or fact of joining or being joined, especially in a political context.
Jim Crow Laws – Laws that enforced racial segregation in the South between the end of Reconstruction and the beginning of the civil rights movement.

Self Reflection:
BqV-tQECQAA5sfD.png

What happen in United States?

Let’s learn about United States Expansion

The Expansion

The history started in 1803, President Thomas Jefferson purchased the territory of Louisiana from the French government for fifteen million.

Louisiana Purchase stretched from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from Canada to New Orleans and do the Westward Expansion to the United States.

Louisiana Purchase was the turning point in America history! It was the start of Manifest Density. It’s what American believe that their right to expand and settle coast to coast also the Homestead Act which means that they are allowed to purchase land in the New territory at the very low price.  Find more information in the video😄

 

* Fun fact before the new land was opened people were waiting in line and stand surrounded by the place after the new land open everyone starts running and run to the new land.

After expanding the land, there are more ways that the United States can gain a lot of money and more ways to transport thing across the country like Santa Fe Trail, the Oregon Trail, the Transcontinental Railroad, and canals. For this, I think it’s good because there are many ways for people to sell a thing to other country and gain lot more of money and make the life easier.

Missouri Compromise 

In the years leading up to the Missouri Compromise of 1820, tensions began to rise between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions within the U.S. Congress and across the country. It turned Maine into a free state and Missouri into slave states. But they are not okay with that so they created a side “anti-slavery and pro-slavery” and they protect for the better good.

Compromise of 1850

The Compromise of 1850 consists of five laws passed in September of 1850 that dealt with the issue of slavery.  In 1849 California requested permission to enter the Union as a free state. on January 29, 1850, in an attempt to seek a compromise and avert a crisis between North and South. As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was amended and the slave trade in Washington, D.C. was abolished. 

Abraham Lincoln

The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed by the U.S. Congress on May 30, 1854. It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide themselves whether they will allow slavery within their borders or not. In the pro-slavery South it was strongly supported, but not the north.

After the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, pro-slavery and anti-slavery supporters quickly come to the settle Kansas to affect the outcome of the first election held there after the law went into effect. But the Pro-slavery settlers carried the election but were charged with fraud by anti-slavery. But at the end, the result is not what they excepted, so the anti-slavery held another election. But at this time make both sides are not okay with the Kansas territory.

After that violence begins, with the anti-slavery forces led by John Brown. The territory called “Bleeding Kansas” as the death toll rose. At last Kansas admitted to the Union as a free state.

Opinion: In my opinion, I don’t like people who support slavery because we are people, we shouldn’t treat other people lower than us, even tho if they’re poor, doesn’t mean they are bad people.
Key Terms
Westward Expansion = The expansion of the United States across the Appalachian Mountains to the Pacific Ocean.
Transcontinental Railroad = An American transportation system that stretched from the eastern United States to Nebraska.
Oregon Trail = The route that Americans from the east coast moved westward to reach Oregon during mid 19th century.
Louisiana Purchase = Thomas Jefferson’s payment with Napoleon to own the Louisiana Territory.
Canals = manmade waterway.
Santa Fe Trail = A route from the 19th century that stretched from Independence, Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Territory = an owned area.
Abolitionist Movement = Anti-slavery supporters’ actions to get rid of slavery.
Homestead Act = Abraham Lincoln’s law to populate the United States that allowed immigrants to live in the west of the Appalachian Mountains for a period of time to own free land.
Statehood = a state.
Missouri Compromise = the act of recognizing Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state in order to balance the power of both slavery sides in the Congress.
Immigration = the action of entering and living in a foreign country as a foreigner.
Manifest Destiny = the belief in the United States that the Americans were destined to expand in North America.
Compromise of 1850 = the act to make some slavery laws fairer that abolished slave trades in Washington D.C.
Popular Sovereignty = A state and its government that is created and made exist by its people.
Kansas-Nebraska Act = a law of deciding the existence of slavery in Kansas and Nebraska by depending on its settlers.
“Bleeding Kansas” = a period of violence in Kansas.
Assimilation = to fully understand and blend in.
Self Reflection

Screen Shot 2018-01-14 at 14.07.56.png

 

Chapter 4

Let’s go into the past and find some interesting fact First Five President of United States.

The first five President are:

  • George Washington, 1789-1797.
  • John Adams, 1797-1801.
  • Thomas Jefferson, 1801-1809.
  • James Madison, 1809-1817.
  • James Monroe, 1817-1825.

George Washington 

George Washington was the first President of the United States of America. He served as President from April 30, 1789, until March 4, 1797. In the age of 23, he was promoted to colonel and was in command of all the soldier in Virginia. So at that time, he was joined at the British side in France and Indian Wars. After the war, he married to Martha Custis in 1759. He managed the family and estate until he took command of Virginia troops just before the American Revolution.

Washington was also the president when the bill of right was added to the constitution. George Washington helped set up the Federal Court System, which there is U.S. supreme court, U.S. Court of Appeal and U.S. District Court. George Washingtington was against the political parties growing powerful. 

George Washington Quote   “If the freedom of speech is taken away, then dumb and silent we may be led, like sheep to the slaughter.”

John Adams

John Adams or Father of American Independence.He fought for American Independence as a Massachusetts delegate to the Continental Congress. He was a member of the team that worked on the Declaration of Independence. Before he became a President he practiced law in Boston and he began to have strong feelings about the British rule.

During the revolutionary wars, he went to the Europen country to ask for help and fight against the Britsh. Adams main accomplishment was keeping the United States out of the war with France. France and Great Britain were at war and both wanted help from the US. The American public was divided.

Fun fact

He was overweight and some people called him by the nickname “His Rotundity”. According to “http://www.ducksters.com/biography/uspresidents/johnadams.php”

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson was the nation’s first secretary of state, second vice president and, as the third president (1801-09) of United States. Thomas Jefferson was famous for Negotiating a dead with Neopoleon. Jefferson was also named the Louisiana Purchase and doubles the size of the United States. Thomas also famous for founding the University of Virginia in Charlotte Seville

Fun Fact

Thomas Jefferson was a great-grandfather. He had 12 grandchildren, and many of them lived with him at the same time. He would organize races for the kids on the enormous lawn of Monticello. He also taught them how to play chess and a game called Goose, one of the first board games in the United States; it’s a bit like today’s game of Chutes and Ladders. According to “https://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/kidspost/10-things-you-didnt-know-about-thomas-jefferson/2011/04/12/AGGLlWsH_story.html?utm_term=.f6a25ee600b5”

James Madison

Quote “If men were angels, no government would be necessary.”

James Madison he was the president from (March 4, 1809 – March 4, 1817). Madison was known as Author of Bill of Right and Father of the constitution. James Madison led the U.S. to victory over Great Britain in the War 1812. He needs to escape from the white house because the white house was burned.

What is Bill of Right?

Bill of Right was written by James Madison. Bill of the right is a response to calls from several states for greater constitutional protection for individual liberties, the Bill of Rights lists specific prohibitions on governmental power or laws that make everybody follow so that the country will become better. 

For me I like how he used all of the rules of Bill of Right and it’s into one document because that can make the present people learn about it and do not need to go a find in other places like if we lost one or two of the rule we must find where is that rule at. (Opinion) 

James Monroe

James Monroe was the president from 1817-1825. He served as the secretary in the War of 1812. He becomes a president during a period is known as the Era of Good Feeling, his family could not take up immediate residence in the White House because it had been destroyed by the British in 1814. Instead, they lived in a home on I Street in Washington, until the rebuilt White House was ready for occupancy in 1818.Monroe help establish the African Nation of Liberty as a place for freed slaves to go.

I think every President do the best in their job if they are the people who don’t follow they direction ain’t they bad because he can’t force every to do what you want.

Fun fact 

Monroe was the first President to serve in the White House when it was actually white-painted According to “http://porterbriggs.com/10-interesting-facts-about-james-monroe/”

Let see what Vocabulary that we learn

Articles of Confederation = the first constitution of the United States.
Absolute Power = to have full capabilities to perform any action.
The balance of Power = an action to make the amount of power equal to be fair.
States Rights = a state’s power to perform an action.
Constitutional Convention of 1787 = a meeting to solve issues of the Articles of Confederation in Philadelphia.
George Washington = the first US president.
James Madison = the fourth US president.
VA Plan = James Madison’s plan for the Constitutional Convention of 1787.
U.S. Constitution = laws of the United States.
Executive Branch = the government who follows the Judicial Branch and have the power to apply, support, and enforce laws made by the Legislative Branch.
Judicial Branch = the government who are enforced by the Executive Branch and review laws from the Legislative Branch.
Legislative Branch = the government who make laws and pass them.
Checks and Balance = to have more than one body of government managing different government roles.
Veto = a constitutional right of rejection.
Congress = a legislative body of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Senate/House of Representatives = members of the Congress.
Supreme Court = Highest Judicial class.
Bill of Rights = the first ten amendments to the US Constitution.
Amendments = a document change.
John Adams = the second US president.
Thomas Jefferson = the third US president.
James Monroe = the fifth US president.
Louisiana Purchase = Thomas Jefferson’s payment to buy the Louisiana Territory from Napoleon Bonaparte.
Lewis and Clark = the first American expedition that crossed from US East Coast to US West Coast.
War of 1812 = a war of British, Canadians, and Native Americans invading US cities.
Monroe Doctrine = James Monroe’s declaration to free the American continent from colonization.

Creative Reflection

george

Chapter 3

What are the protest, rebellion, and revolution?

First of all let understand the vocabulary

  • A protest is an action expressing disapproval of or objection to something.
  • Rebellion is action or process of resisting authority, control, or convention.
  • Revolution is an overthrow of a government.

As you see all of the words will have the similar characteristic, all of the words somehow use violent and do with government. It changed the political relationship between England and its colonists because the English were forced to tax the colonies.

The Seven Years War

The Seven Year War was called as “France and Indian Wars“. At first, France want to take control of Ohio river, so that makes France expansion into the Ohio River repeatedly so that brought it into conflict with the British colonies. At last the British won the war. The English won due to the fact that many more American colonist joined in the fight that did French colonists, and the leader of the British is “George Washington” After that they sought the opportunity to keep autonomy, for their country.

The Proclamation Laws

The Proclamation Laws are the laws that King George III created the movement of the American colonist to the east of the Appliance Mountain. After that, the proclamation has become the cornerstones of Native American law in the United States and Canada. After the end was of France and Indian Wars. The royal proclamation closed down colonial expansion westward, that was the first measure to affect all thirteen colonies.

The Effect of the Wars

The effect of the wars, the English gain a huge new area of the land in the New World and they also created a war debt for England.

The France and Indian Wars led British to a big economic problem, so they’re going to create ways to earn a money. So they turned to new taxes on the colonists and increased trade regulation but that didn’t go over well. After that, they created a new tax, which is too enforce including the Sugar Act and the Currency Act. So that makes the  Currency Act illegal, the printing of money in the colonies, making businesses rely more on the crippled British economy. After that, the Sugar Act and Currency Act making businesses rely more on the crippled British economy. 

After that, they feel underrepresented and over tax and unable to gain in free trade, the colonists turned to the phrase, “No Taxation Without Representation.” It would become most apparent in 1773 with what would become known as the Boston Tea Party

Stamp Act of 1765

The Stam Act started on March 22, 1765. They forced everyone to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used, such as (Ship’s papers, legal documents, licenses, newspapers, other publications, and even playing cards were taxed.) The money that they collect used to pay the costs of defending and protecting the American frontier.” According to http://www.history.org/history/teaching/tchcrsta.cfm”\

 

Quartering Act and Townshend Act

Law required American to house and feed British soldier that was stationed in the colonist at the own expense. British troops in the colonist were looked as “slap in the face.” Before the Townshend Act, the British passed a hated piece act which called the stamp act. In 1767, the Townshend Acts imposed duties on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea imported into the colonies. Townshend hoped the acts would meet imperial expenses in the colonies, but many Americans viewed the taxation as an abuse of power, resulting in the passage of agreements to limit imports from Britain. In 1770, Parliament canceled all the Townshend charges except the tax on tea, leading to a short break between the two sides in the years before the American Revolution.

Cite: “http://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/townshend-acts”

Boston Massacre

 

Son of Liberty

 

The name Sons of Liberty was derived from a 1765 debate in Parliament over the Stamp Act. It a secret society was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to fight taxation by the British government. Sons of Liberty was to force all of the British Stamp agents to resign because to stop the American merchant from ordering a British trade.

The Protesting and actions against the provisions of the Stamp Act. Leading citizens like Sam Adams and his cousin John Adams did not protest But they have clearly viewed the ad as leaders of the Sons of Liberty. The protests became more rebellion and violent as their numbers increased and their power grew. The actions and protests moved on from peaceful meetings, organizing boycotts and minor secret actions to public displays of civil unrest and violence.

Common Sense is a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1775–76 advocating independence from Great Britain to people in the Thirteen Colonies. This pamphlet is very important because it helps ay people to support that individual who favored declaring independence from the Great British. And the pamphlet also explains the reason why the colonist should break free from the rule of British.

In my opinions about common sense, the pamphlet is very important because it led the people what correct what’s not. And the pamphlet can explain to the people who didn’t understand why the colonist should break free.

Protest: an action expressing disapproval of or objection to something.
Rebellion: an act of violence to an established government or ruler.
Revolution: a forcible overthrow of a government.
“Taxation without Representation”: Slogan used in the Revolution War.
Paul Revere’s Engraving: Key piece of war propaganda in America history.
French and Indian War: War between French and Great Britain in the New World
Autonomy: the right of self-government
Propaganda: an information, especially of a biased, use to promote a particular political cause or point of view.
Ohio River Valley: a river which streams westward from Pennsylvania to Illinois.
Quartering Act: act when the colonists are required to house and feed the British soldiers in the area.
Boston Tea Party: When the colonist dumps hundreds of tea chest into the harbor.
George Washington: American’s first president.
Townshend Acts: series of acts when taxes increased a lot.
Intolerable Acts: act when the King made the colonies completely under control.
King George III: Great Britain’s King during the revolution.
Boycott: withdraw from commercial as a punishment or protest.
Thomas Paine: English-born American political activist, philosopher, political theorist, and revolutionary.
Proclamation of 1763: a law created by King George III.
“Bad Parent”: relating to a bad government.
Common Sense: a Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine.
Debt: something, typically money, that is owned or due.
Enlightenment ideas: Thomas Paines used John Locke’s classic enlightenment ideas in Common Sense.
John Locke: Classic enlightenment ideas in Common Sense.
Stamp Act: act when the American colonists are required to have British-approved stamped on paper and seal for almost all legal items printed on paper.
Militia: a force that is raised from the civil population to use in an emergency.
Declaration of Independence: It declared the thirteen colonies represented in the Continental Congress independent from Britain.
Battles of Lexington and Concord: First military engagements of the American Revolutionary War.
Allies: the good connection between countries.
First and Second Continental Congress: act when the colonies have a meeting about the revolution.
French Revolution: French revolution
Boston Massacre: act when an angry mob threatens the British soldier during the protest.
Sons of Liberty: secret society was formed to protect the rights of colonists.

Creative Self Reflection

76677.jpg

76679.jpg

Chapter 2

The Different Between the natives and colonists 

The Native Americans or (Indigenous people) and the colonists were Cultural dissonance. The Native believed that the land was shared by everyone and not one person could own it as the colonists did. Also, the Native American had an animistic religion, they which animals had godlike qualities but colonists were mostly Christian and monotheistic. African slaves were separated very far from Africa, so they forgot their cultures and faced cultural genocide.

Indian Fever

The European colonists spread they old world disease. At first, the Europeans first came to the New World, they brought a germ and killed lots of people. It’s also killed the Indians who didn’t even see the white people because the Indians take the germ and so the other Indian got the deceased and these called the Indian fever.”

Indian Removal Act

The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders.  The removal was supposed to be voluntary, removal became mandatory whenever the government thought necessary. And that slowly make the Indian that stays in the southeastern moved to the west. The first removal treaty to follow the passage of the Indian Removal Act was with the Choctaw Nation.

Slave Trade

Britain became the world’s leading slave trading power in the middle passage. It’s estimated that British ships were responsible for the forced transportation of at least 2-3 million Africans in that century. The starting of the slave trade is when the Portuguese first sailed down the Atlantic African coast in the 1430s, they were interested in one thing “gold”. And in 1500, they had already traded 81,000 Africans to Europe, nearby Atlantic islands, and to Muslim merchants in Africa. 

 THE ‘TRIANGULAR TRADE’ IN SLAVES

  • Europe to Africa
  • Africa to the Americas
  • Americas back to Europe.

What do the slaves do?

The slaves that were Oppression to be slaves have two types. One is the field slaves and second are house slaves. The one that is house slave is not too tired because their take care of the owner of the house but the field slaves needs to work from sunrise to sunset and have only fifty-minute break per day. And maybe there are Reservations of slaves who you want them to work with.

Slave Trade End

First Denmark in 1803, and Britain in 1807, and then other countries in Europe and the Americas get rid of the transatlantic slave trade for a variety of reasons including changes in the economic requirements. But an illegal trade continued for many years, and slavery itself was not removed in some countries until the 1880s.

What is cultural genocide?

Cultural genocide is the systematic dissolution of traditions, values, language, and other elements which make one group of people distinct from other groups. As early as 1944, lawyer Raphael Lemkin distinguished a cultural component of genocide, which since then has become known as “cultural genocide”. It’s was used to protest against the destruction of cultural heritage

Jim Crow Laws

The segregation and disenfranchisement laws are known as “Jim Crow”. The codified system of national apartheid that dominated the American South for three-quarters of a century beginning in the 1890s.  The law affected almost every people and mandating division of schools, parks, libraries, drinking fountains, restrooms, buses, trains, and restaurants. The Whites Only and Colored signs were constant reminders of the forced national order.

Also at the time the black received separate but equal treatment under the law but  public facilities for blacks were nearly always under to those for whites

Black Lives Matter

Balck lives matter is to stop violence to include all of the ways in which Black people are intentionally left powerless at the hands of the state and basic human rights and dignity. 

What is the current state of conditions in the United States regarding African Americans?

  • Right now the Black America Is Just 72.2 Percent Equal To White American, the increases of the equality just increase two percent since 2015, which it’s not that equal to the Native America.

Key Terms
Native Americans = a group people who were native to the Americas before the Europeans arrived.
Indigenous people = the native people.
Cultural dissonance = conflicts that are experienced by people in the middle of changes to their culture.
Assimilation = the process of accepting new ideas or a similarity
“Indian Fever” = the diseases that European brought back and killed the Native Americans.
Reservations = a qualification to an expression of agreement or approval     Indian Removal Act = Andrew Jackson’s actions of sending Native Americans away to the west.
Cultural genocide = an extinction of a culture.
Slavery = the system of using slaves.
Middle Passage = the sea routes of the African shipments to the Americas.
Slave Trade = the trading of the worker.
Jim Crow Laws = Laws that were against black people in the 19th century.
Segregation = Separation of people.
Oppression = Cruel or unfair treatments that exist for a long time.
Black Lives Matter = A movement against racism and violence towards black people.

Creative Self-Reflection
Screen Shot 2017-10-01 at 18.56.17.png

Bring Us Back

Transport to the Time

The Age of Exploration, sometimes called the Age of Discovery, began in the 14th century to the early 17th century. It’s started when Europeans began to explore the world. Let watch some video before started!

The Silk Road was a network of trade routes, formally established during the Han Dynasty of China. Marco Polo is the most famous Westerner who makes sea route to Asia on Silk Road until he reached China and traveled the whole China, he brought back spices and good. After that people wanted more spices and tobacco for China’s good. That brought Economic Opportunity and Religious Freedom to the European.

Who is Marco Polo?

Marco Polo was a Venetian explorer known for the book The Travels of Marco Polo, which describes his voyage to and experiences in Asia. Polo traveled extensively with his family, journeying from Europe to Asia from 1271 to 1295 and remaining in China for 17 of those years.

marco-polo-9443861-1-402

SILK ROAD TRADE GOODS

The goods carried on the Silk Road moved basically from the East to the West. Judging by the road’s name silk. Thanks to its light weight, compactness, enormous demand and the high price it was ideal for trade and long-distance transportation.

The Thirteen Colonies

There are thirteen English colonies that settle in the new world.Massachusetts, New York, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia are the important one. It was those colonies that came together to form the United States. Some of the colony may fail, but some also succeed.

Also, the Pilgrims are the name for the early settlers of the Plymouth Colony, which right now is PlymouthMassachusetts. In 1680, the king granted 45,000 square miles of land west of Delaware River to William Penn(A Quaker)

Some song of the history colonies

ENGLISH COLONIAL EXPANSION

In the sixteen century, England was a tumultuous place, because their population distribution is good, by selling wool more than selling food like the past. So that led the farmer changed their food farm into a animals farm and which make lots of workers lost their jobs. And also in the sixteen century is the age mercantilism of England, everyone was interested in their economic and thing that they sell. They also provided an outlet for England’s surplus population.

92c528a8-981c-46bd-9080-818e6a2ec4b2.jpg

Virginia Dare, the first American-born child of English parents, was born in Roanoke in 1587.Roanoke Island was also called as Lost Island because no one really knows what happened to the colonists left at Roanoke Island.

English settlement in the New World

During the Tudor monarchy, the return of the nation to Catholicism under Queen Mary in the 1550s. The restoration of Protestantism under Queen Elizabeth, at that times England lacked financial resources. But unless English monarchs take cares and improved the economic system in the new Atlantic World and took steps to assert England’s claim to the Americas.

63e73d16-bc4e-4469-95b0-9ffeb8857aaa.jpgIn early 1497, Henry VII of England let John Cabot go export the New Land. That year Cabot sailed along the North American which creates a landfall along the coastline. In the next century, people are interested in fishing so there will be lots of people who sailed crossed the Atlantic to fish the rich waters off the North American coast. And in the 1500s, England devoted its colonizing resources to Ireland.

Queen Elizabeth wants to block Spain’s effort to eliminate Protestantism. But somehow Elizabeth secretly supported English seamen that raided Spanish settlements in the Western Hemisphere and captured their treasure ships. John Hawkins and Francis Drake are popularly known as “sea dogs.” They say that he accumulated the most wealth of anyone in the pirating business. And John Hawkins robbed the Spaniards of slaves and riches.

d2854cf0-7964-4125-8c57-e7dfe8147c3d.jpgIn the early colonization in 1584, Sir Walter Raleigh (favorite of the queen), try to establish a colony at Roanoke, and it’s a present day of North Carolina. The colony was small, it contains only 117 people. Who struggled to survive in their new land. In late 1587, John White come back to secure more people and supplies. But there are events conspired that make him stay away for 3 years. In 1590 when he came back, everybody was gone, the only thing that left behind was the word Croatoan carved into a fence surrounding the village.

The Croatoan

The settlers landed on 22 July 1587 and soon established themselves. John White’s daughter Eleanor Dare was pregnant and on 18th August she gave birth to her daughter, Virginia. The first English child born in the Americas. At that time colonists established friendly relations with one of the local native tribes, the Croatans, who were able to describe to them the politics and geography of the area, but the other indigenous peoples. Who had fought against the settlers of the first Roanoke Colony.

Puritans: The Puritans were a group of English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to “purify” the Church of England from its “Catholic”

puritans-hero-H

Indian Fever

First, when the Europeans first came to the New World, they brought a germ and killed lots of people. It’s also killed the Indians who didn’t even see the white people because the Indians take the germ and so the other Indian got the deceased and these called the “Indian fever.”

James Town

James Town is joint venture called the Virginia Company founded the first permanent English settlement in North America on the banks of the James River. In the periods of peace, tobacco became Virginia’s first profitable export. After that Jamestown expanded from the area around the original James Fort into a New Town built to the east and remained the Virginia colony as the capital until 1699.

abe320af-37b7-4c3d-a13a-340da586f7ca

The colonies faced many hardships. First Newport went back to England with two ships and 40 crew members to give a report to the king and to gather more supplies and colonists. They also face a bad problem, the land is dry so the effect the crop to grow slow so people have no food to eat. Also, there is no fresh water for them to drink. And the swampy areas have a lot of mosquitoes, contributed to the spread of deadly diseases. After 8 months only 34 from the first 104 people alive. And also the Susan Constant, Godspeed, and Discovery, carrying 105 passengers, one of whom died during the voyage, departed from England in December 1606 and reached the Virginia coast in late April 1607.

The End

By the end, there were around 250,000 European and African settlers in North America’s thirteen English colonies in the year 1700. At last, there left only Three Geographic Religions are New England colonies, Middle Colonies, and Southern Colonies

Vocabulary

Age of Exploration: The generation when people started exploring.
Silk Road: Europe to Asia trading route.
Marco Polo’s “Travels”: A book written by Marco Polo about his journey.
Sea Route to Asia: Sea route from Europe to Asia.
New World: America continent after being discovered.
Old World: Europe, Africa, and Asia
Columbian Exchange: Trading goods between the New World and Old World.
Population distribution: People spreading around into groups.
Colonies: settlements in a foreign country.
Roanoke Island (Lost Colony): One of the first colonies but failed to attempt.
Sir Walter Raleigh: Known for trying to establish Roanoke Island but failed.
John White: Someone who tried to establish Roanoke Island. Known for finding the word “Croatoan” on a tree.
Croatoan: Small Native American group living in the coastal areas of North Carolina. The word found carved on a tree.
Immunities: Ability to fight off.
“Indian Fever”: Massive amount Indian death caused by diseases.
Economic Opportunity: Opportunities to earn money.
Religious Freedom: Being able to practice any religion.
Protestant Movement : Protesting about religious problems in Europe.
Jamestown Colony: The first permanent colony.
Plymouth Colony: An early colony founded by Puritans, pilgrims, separatists.
Massachusetts Bay Colony: Another early colony founded by puritans/pilgrims/separatists.
Cash Crop: Easy growing crops that earn lots of money.
Tobacco: Crop that helps to relax in the old times. Known as the number one cash crop.
Rice: Grains use to eat as food.
Indigo: Tropical plant of pea family; dark blue color.
Cotton: Soft White plant.
Virginia Company: Company that finances the Jamestown expedition.
Captain John Smith: Appointed leader of the Jamestown colony, nearly lost his life due to a mutiny. “If you don’t work, you don’t eat!”
John Rolfe: Known as his first successful cultivation of tobacco as an export crop in the Colony of Virginia.
Powhatan: The chief of the local tribe alliance.
Pocahontas: Daughter of Powhatan. Known for helping to create an alliance between the English settlers and the natives ends up marrying John Rolfe.
Puritans: Northeast colonies who wanted to “purify” the Christian church, also known as Protestant Christians, left England and the Netherlands to create colonies in the New World.
Separatists: The more radical form of Puritans who wanted to separate from the newly-formed church of England and start their own colonies in the New World.
Pilgrims: Puritans/Separatists/Pilgrims are essentially the same thing but depending on the historical sources, you will see the name Pilgrims.
(So Puritans, Separatists, and Pilgrims are the same thing.)
Quakers: Another faction of Protestant Christianity that settled modern-day.
Thirteen Colonies: Colonies settled by the Europeans.
Indentured Servant: Men and women who signed a contract by which they agreed to work for a certain number of years in exchange for transportation to Virginia.
Slave: Person who is the legal property of another and is forced to obey them.
Large landowners (plantation owners): Wealthy landowners.
Raw materials: The basic material from which a product is made.
Finished goods: Goods produced using raw materials.
Colonial governors: Governors in the colonies.
Colonial legislatures: Legislatures in the colonies.

Creative Self-Reflection

Southern (do you wanna build a snowman)
Do you know a about the climate
Come on and I will tell you dearrr
The weather is warm and dry
Don’t be shy just
And ask me again
We use to learn bout the regious
But now we’re not
Chu-church of England
Do you know a about the climate?
It don’t need to be about the climate

Go away
Okay….bye

Knock knock knock
Do you know a role of women
Come on and I will tell you dearrr
I’ll tell you what role of women is
They need to help the planta-tion and care of sick peopleeeee.
But it’s get a little harder and i’m was like
“Why are we doing this” just can you tell me whyyy
Do you know a role of women
Yes I know the role of women
okay bye.

Please I know you’re in there
Just write about the classes song
Write about the economic or educat that stick on the wall
We only have the internet and that enough for me
“Opps, tobacco and rice”
“What?” “That economic”
“ ohhhh, okay byeee”