Wow!!! Chapter 6

In the American Civil War periods, they attempts were made to redress the inequities of slavery and its political, social, and economic legacy and to solve the problems arising from the readmission to the Union of the 11 states that had seceded at or before the outbreak of war. In the time around1865 and 1867, called period of Presidential Reconstruction, Johnson appointed provisional governors and ordered them to call state conventions to establish new all white governments and Ku Klux Klan(KKK).

Harriet Tubman

At that time there was an abolitionist movement which wanted to end the slavey so most countries now changed to be a free state.Harriet Tubman was a black woman she was the one who find the underground railroad. So some of the slavery try to escape from the slave state to a free state by the underground railroad which Harriet Tubman is the one who found a help the other slaves to escape from the place to place. 

Opinion: For me Harriet Tubman she was a kind heart person she helps many people, she when back to the same place and help other people again and again by knowing that it’s dangerous and she keeps doing it.


Abraham Lincoln & William Lloyd Garrison

Abraham Lincoln

In the year that sectional tensions there is an election about antislavery northerner, because of differences between culture, economy, and vision for the future of the United States, that led to 4 years of Civil War between the northern and southern states.

President Lincoln was assassinated at the end of the Civil War, three days after his speech. However, he never had a chance to implement his plan. At the end of May 1865, Andrew Johnson became the next President.

William Lloyd Garrison

Garrison at the outset of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln did not make the abolition of slavery a goal of the Union war effort. Because he feared that it would drive the border slave states still loyal to the Union into the Confederacy and anger more northerners. After that in the summer of 1862, the slaves know that the issue, thousands of the Union lines as Lincoln’s troops marched through the South.

After that their actions debunked the myths underlying Southern devotion, “Many slaves were truly content in bondage.” convinced Lincoln that emancipation had become a political and military necessity then the blacks enlisted in the Union Army by the end of the war. On April change the constitution to let the black have right to vote.

Andrew Johnson

When the Civil War over, the United States needed to rebuild. Many of the southern states were in ruin from the war such as farm, home, and the business was gone. Johnson wanted to do everything he could to help the southern states. He also wanted to be easy on the leaders of the Confederacy. However, many northerners were angry over Lincoln’s assassination. He is the one who helps the black because he thinks that they don’t have an equal right and voting system.

After that Johnson began to veto many of the bills passed by Congress. He vetoed so many bills he became known as “The Veto President”. Congress did not like this and felt that Johnson was abusing his powers. They wanted to get rid of him as president.

Key Terms:
Abolitionist Movement – The movement to end slavery.
Jefferson Davis – An American politician who served as the only President of the Confederate States from year 1861 to 1865.
Confederate War Monuments –  A monument that pays tribute to the soldiers and generals from Texas during the American Civil War.
John Brown – An abolitionist who sought to free the slaves by military force.
Border States – The border states during the Civil War were the slave states that didn’t leave the Union or join the Confederacy.
A War over Perspective – War between northern and southern over the system of slavery.
Frederick Douglas – Frederick Douglass was the most important black American leader of the 19th century.
Emancipation Proclamation – A presidential proclamation and executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln.
Confederacy – An unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
Harriet Tubman – An American abolitionist, an armed scout and spy for the United States Army during the American Civil War.
54th Massachusetts – An infantry regiment that saw extensive service in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Underground Railroad- A network of secret routes and safe houses used by African- American slaves to escape.
Anaconda Plan -The Anaconda Plan was the initial Civil War strategy devised by General Winfield Scott of the U.S.
William Lloyd Garrison- American journalistic crusader who published a newspaper, and helped lead the successful abolitionist campaign against slavery in the United States.
Reconstruction Era –  The period after the American Civil War when the southern states were reorganized into the Union.
Harriet Beecher Stowe – A woman who wrote about the horrors of slavery before the Civil War.
Carpetbaggers –  A person from the northern states who went to the South after the Civil War to profit from the Reconstruction.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin  – A novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe which paints a grim picture of life under the slavery.
Scalawags – Any Southerner who supported the federal plan of Reconstruction after the Civil War or who joined with the black freedman and the carpetbagger.
Abraham Lincoln – An American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861.
Sharecropping – Someone who would farmland that belonged to a landowner.
Sumner-Brooks Incident – It occurred on May 22, 1856 when Representative Preston Brooks attacked Senator Charles Sumner.
Freedmen’s Bureau – An agency of the War Department set up in 1865 to assist freed slaves in obtaining relief, land, jobs, fair treatment, and education.
Secession – The withdrawal of eleven southern states from the Union in 1860, leading to the Civil War.
Ku Klux Klan – A secret hate group in the southern U.S that aimed to suppress the newly acquired rights of black people and to oppose carpetbaggers from the North.
Union – The action or fact of joining or being joined, especially in a political context.
Jim Crow Laws – Laws that enforced racial segregation in the South between the end of Reconstruction and the beginning of the civil rights movement.

Self Reflection:

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