Transport to the Time
The Age of Exploration, sometimes called the Age of Discovery, began in the 14th century to the early 17th century. It’s started when Europeans began to explore the world. Let watch some video before started!
The Silk Road was a network of trade routes, formally established during the Han Dynasty of China. Marco Polo is the most famous Westerner who makes sea route to Asia on Silk Road until he reached China and traveled the whole China, he brought back spices and good. After that people wanted more spices and tobacco for China’s good. That brought Economic Opportunity and Religious Freedom to the European.
Who is Marco Polo?
Marco Polo was a Venetian explorer known for the book The Travels of Marco Polo, which describes his voyage to and experiences in Asia. Polo traveled extensively with his family, journeying from Europe to Asia from 1271 to 1295 and remaining in China for 17 of those years.
SILK ROAD TRADE GOODS
The goods carried on the Silk Road moved basically from the East to the West. Judging by the road’s name silk. Thanks to its light weight, compactness, enormous demand and the high price it was ideal for trade and long-distance transportation.
The Thirteen Colonies
There are thirteen English colonies that settle in the new world.Massachusetts, New York, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia are the important one. It was those colonies that came together to form the United States. Some of the colony may fail, but some also succeed.
Also, the Pilgrims are the name for the early settlers of the Plymouth Colony, which right now is Plymouth, Massachusetts. In 1680, the king granted 45,000 square miles of land west of Delaware River to William Penn(A Quaker)
Some song of the history colonies
ENGLISH COLONIAL EXPANSION
In the sixteen century, England was a tumultuous place, because their population distribution is good, by selling wool more than selling food like the past. So that led the farmer changed their food farm into a animals farm and which make lots of workers lost their jobs. And also in the sixteen century is the age mercantilism of England, everyone was interested in their economic and thing that they sell. They also provided an outlet for England’s surplus population.
Virginia Dare, the first American-born child of English parents, was born in Roanoke in 1587.Roanoke Island was also called as Lost Island because no one really knows what happened to the colonists left at Roanoke Island.
English settlement in the New World
During the Tudor monarchy, the return of the nation to Catholicism under Queen Mary in the 1550s. The restoration of Protestantism under Queen Elizabeth, at that times England lacked financial resources. But unless English monarchs take cares and improved the economic system in the new Atlantic World and took steps to assert England’s claim to the Americas.
In early 1497, Henry VII of England let John Cabot go export the New Land. That year Cabot sailed along the North American which creates a landfall along the coastline. In the next century, people are interested in fishing so there will be lots of people who sailed crossed the Atlantic to fish the rich waters off the North American coast. And in the 1500s, England devoted its colonizing resources to Ireland.
Queen Elizabeth wants to block Spain’s effort to eliminate Protestantism. But somehow Elizabeth secretly supported English seamen that raided Spanish settlements in the Western Hemisphere and captured their treasure ships. John Hawkins and Francis Drake are popularly known as “sea dogs.” They say that he accumulated the most wealth of anyone in the pirating business. And John Hawkins robbed the Spaniards of slaves and riches.
In the early colonization in 1584, Sir Walter Raleigh (favorite of the queen), try to establish a colony at Roanoke, and it’s a present day of North Carolina. The colony was small, it contains only 117 people. Who struggled to survive in their new land. In late 1587, John White come back to secure more people and supplies. But there are events conspired that make him stay away for 3 years. In 1590 when he came back, everybody was gone, the only thing that left behind was the word Croatoan carved into a fence surrounding the village.
The settlers landed on 22 July 1587 and soon established themselves. John White’s daughter Eleanor Dare was pregnant and on 18th August she gave birth to her daughter, Virginia. The first English child born in the Americas. At that time colonists established friendly relations with one of the local native tribes, the Croatans, who were able to describe to them the politics and geography of the area, but the other indigenous peoples. Who had fought against the settlers of the first Roanoke Colony.
Puritans: The Puritans were a group of English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to “purify” the Church of England from its “Catholic”
First, when the Europeans first came to the New World, they brought a germ and killed lots of people. It’s also killed the Indians who didn’t even see the white people because the Indians take the germ and so the other Indian got the deceased and these called the “Indian fever.”
James Town is joint venture called the Virginia Company founded the first permanent English settlement in North America on the banks of the James River. In the periods of peace, tobacco became Virginia’s first profitable export. After that Jamestown expanded from the area around the original James Fort into a New Town built to the east and remained the Virginia colony as the capital until 1699.
The colonies faced many hardships. First Newport went back to England with two ships and 40 crew members to give a report to the king and to gather more supplies and colonists. They also face a bad problem, the land is dry so the effect the crop to grow slow so people have no food to eat. Also, there is no fresh water for them to drink. And the swampy areas have a lot of mosquitoes, contributed to the spread of deadly diseases. After 8 months only 34 from the first 104 people alive. And also the Susan Constant, Godspeed, and Discovery, carrying 105 passengers, one of whom died during the voyage, departed from England in December 1606 and reached the Virginia coast in late April 1607.
Age of Exploration: The generation when people started exploring.
Silk Road: Europe to Asia trading route.
Marco Polo’s “Travels”: A book written by Marco Polo about his journey.
Sea Route to Asia: Sea route from Europe to Asia.
New World: America continent after being discovered.
Old World: Europe, Africa, and Asia
Columbian Exchange: Trading goods between the New World and Old World.
Population distribution: People spreading around into groups.
Colonies: settlements in a foreign country.
Roanoke Island (Lost Colony): One of the first colonies but failed to attempt.
Sir Walter Raleigh: Known for trying to establish Roanoke Island but failed.
John White: Someone who tried to establish Roanoke Island. Known for finding the word “Croatoan” on a tree.
Croatoan: Small Native American group living in the coastal areas of North Carolina. The word found carved on a tree.
Immunities: Ability to fight off.
“Indian Fever”: Massive amount Indian death caused by diseases.
Economic Opportunity: Opportunities to earn money.
Religious Freedom: Being able to practice any religion.
Protestant Movement : Protesting about religious problems in Europe.
Jamestown Colony: The first permanent colony.
Plymouth Colony: An early colony founded by Puritans, pilgrims, separatists.
Massachusetts Bay Colony: Another early colony founded by puritans/pilgrims/separatists.
Cash Crop: Easy growing crops that earn lots of money.
Tobacco: Crop that helps to relax in the old times. Known as the number one cash crop.
Rice: Grains use to eat as food.
Indigo: Tropical plant of pea family; dark blue color.
Cotton: Soft White plant.
Virginia Company: Company that finances the Jamestown expedition.
Captain John Smith: Appointed leader of the Jamestown colony, nearly lost his life due to a mutiny. “If you don’t work, you don’t eat!”
John Rolfe: Known as his first successful cultivation of tobacco as an export crop in the Colony of Virginia.
Powhatan: The chief of the local tribe alliance.
Pocahontas: Daughter of Powhatan. Known for helping to create an alliance between the English settlers and the natives ends up marrying John Rolfe.
Puritans: Northeast colonies who wanted to “purify” the Christian church, also known as Protestant Christians, left England and the Netherlands to create colonies in the New World.
Separatists: The more radical form of Puritans who wanted to separate from the newly-formed church of England and start their own colonies in the New World.
Pilgrims: Puritans/Separatists/Pilgrims are essentially the same thing but depending on the historical sources, you will see the name Pilgrims.
(So Puritans, Separatists, and Pilgrims are the same thing.)
Quakers: Another faction of Protestant Christianity that settled modern-day.
Thirteen Colonies: Colonies settled by the Europeans.
Indentured Servant: Men and women who signed a contract by which they agreed to work for a certain number of years in exchange for transportation to Virginia.
Slave: Person who is the legal property of another and is forced to obey them.
Large landowners (plantation owners): Wealthy landowners.
Raw materials: The basic material from which a product is made.
Finished goods: Goods produced using raw materials.
Colonial governors: Governors in the colonies.
Colonial legislatures: Legislatures in the colonies.
Southern (do you wanna build a snowman)
Do you know a about the climate
Come on and I will tell you dearrr
The weather is warm and dry
Don’t be shy just
And ask me again
We use to learn bout the regious
But now we’re not
Chu-church of England
Do you know a about the climate?
It don’t need to be about the climate
Knock knock knock
Do you know a role of women
Come on and I will tell you dearrr
I’ll tell you what role of women is
They need to help the planta-tion and care of sick peopleeeee.
But it’s get a little harder and i’m was like
“Why are we doing this” just can you tell me whyyy
Do you know a role of women
Yes I know the role of women
Please I know you’re in there
Just write about the classes song
Write about the economic or educat that stick on the wall
We only have the internet and that enough for me
“Opps, tobacco and rice”
“What?” “That economic”
“ ohhhh, okay byeee”